When the Spaniards invaded Peru in the 1500's they brought their merio sheep with them, and commandeered the better grazing at the lower altitudes. This forced the native Indians into the Andean mountains with their alpacas. To this day most alpaca farming in Peru, Chile and Bolivia takes place in the mountains, with small herds being run by native Indian families who rely on their alpacas for clothing and meat. By and large, breeding is not selective, and herd quility does not improve.
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